Evidence Summaries and Reports
An overview of the types of flavored tobacco products available today (including menthol), how they are marketed in ways that appeal to youth and to the African-American community, the association between flavors and youth initiation of tobacco products, an overview of current local, state, and federal policy restrictions on flavors.
Menthol cigarettes are highly addictive and excluded from many flavor-focused policies. Many localities are beginning to create policies restricting access to menthol tobacco products hoping to combat the tobacco industry’s targeted marketing towards youth, African-Americans, and others. Learn more about the use of menthol in tobacco products, the history of menthol product marketing, and policies to help reduce the use of menthol tobacco products.
Electronic cigarettes have seen a recent surge in popularity, especially among teens. In the absence of any current FDA regulation on these evolving products, states and localities have begun implementing their own restrictions. Learn about possibilities for regulation and how the tobacco industry employs many of the same tactics to market e-cigarettes as they do to market other tobacco products.
Studies suggest that young adults who would otherwise not use tobacco are becoming attracted to smoking hookah and visiting hookah establishments. This same population may also not associate their hookah use with tobacco use and therefore may not be receptive to current anti-tobacco messaging. For this reason, it is of critical importance to analyze and evaluate the point-of-sale and point-of-consumption marketing strategies used by hookah establishments and the hookah tobacco industry, as well as the various other ways in which youth are enticed into smoking hookah. Understanding this landscape can help direct and motivate policy change. The report covers general trends in hookah use among youth and adults; federal, state, and local policies that govern hookah retail sales; as well as additional point of sale policies that could be implemented to reduce youth access to and use of hookah tobacco.
Tobacco companies have been disproportionately targeting minority communities for decades. While smoking rates have declined overall since 1964, higher rates still exist among African-American, Latinx, low-income, and LGBT populations. Learn more about the tactics the tobacco industry has used to target these groups and how tobacco-related disparities persist through targeting in the retail environment and disparities in density of retailers in specific communities.
Working with Native American communities around tobacco and point of sale takes cultural awareness and knowledge of the historical and ritual uses of traditional tobacco in some tribes. Learn more about the traditional uses of tobacco and navigating the targeted marketing of the commercial tobacco industry.
Data on smoking rates in Latinx communities vary based on a number of factors that include race and economic status. Learn more about Latinx tobacco use and navigating the targeted marketing of the tobacco industry.
The purpose of this report is to highlight variables that are predictive or associated with high rates of tobacco use among people with mental illness, including how the retail environment functions as one such variable.
Rural adults are more likely to smoke cigarettes (24.1% vs 21%, respectively) and use smokeless tobacco (5.6% vs 2.3%, respectively) than urban adults. Differentiating between the tobacco usage trends in rural and urban populations will help provide a framework for understanding policy efficaciousness and why certain patterns exist. This report will explore those differences as well as what point-of-sale tobacco control policies may help best address rural tobacco use.
This report by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, the American Heart Association and Counter Tobacco details how the tobacco industry uses the retail environment to market their deadly products and fight policies that limit tobacco use.
In this evidence summary, we examine how communities are working together to create healthy retail environments for all using similar tactics across tobacco, alcohol, and food, as well as finding ways to address how these products are sold and marketed in stores simultaneously. It is not intended to be an exhaustive report, but to provide an overview of how similar tactics are being used across products at the point of sale and to highlight how thinking about the retail environment as a whole can benefit the health of our communities.
Developed by researchers from the Center for Public Health Systems Science at Washington University in St. Louis, Stanford Prevention Research Center and the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, this report reveals the current status of the US retail environment for tobacco, including what policy activities are being pursued around the nation. It includes next steps and resources to enact new POS policies.
All the fuel you need to counter arguments from tobacco industry proponents. Think POS tobacco control policies hurt retailers like convenience stores? Think again. Here’s the research to prove it.
Where do kids today see tobacco advertising? Read how the tobacco industry uses stores near schools to target young adults as “replacement smokers,” and learn about how bans on POS advertising near schools can help counter this influence.
Cigarettes aren’t the only harmful tobacco product on the market. Learn how cigars, little cigars, cigarillos, smokeless tobacco, dissolvables, e-cigarettes, and other tobacco products have grown in popularity with increased regulation of traditional cigarettes and what the POS policy opportunities are to regulate them.