Welcome to CounterTobacco.org’s “News and Research Roundup!” Each month we post a summary of the latest research, reports, and news stories on counteracting tobacco product sales and marketing at the point of sale (POS). Keeping up with what’s happening in the POS movement all across the country can help you choose policies and strategies that work best for your community. New research can help provide support for your work and evidence for the importance of the “War in the Store.” Have a story you don’t want us to miss? E-mail it to us!
- Local Retail Tobacco Environment Regulation: Early Adoption in the United States, Tobacco Regulatory Science
- Interviews with 80 county tobacco control practitioners across 24 states showed that localities that were more likely to have adopted a retail or “point of sale” tobacco policy by late 2015 also had lower smoking rates or higher excise taxes. While half of the counties surveyed had adopted a retail tobacco control policy, including counties with diverse income and racial demographics, a range of program capacities, preemption status, and political landscape, “early adopter” counties were also less likely to have voted Republican in the 2012 election, less likely to have a large African-American population, and more likely to have limited capacity. However, those that had conducted retail tobacco store assessments were 6 times as likely to adopt retail policies as counties that had not. Counties that were preempted from establishing local retailer licensing laws or local smokefree laws were among the least likely to adopt any retail policy.
- News story: Communities that most need tobacco sales restrictions aren’t getting them, study finds, Washington University in St. Louis
- Learn more about store assessments here and about preemption here.
- Exposures to the tobacco retail environment among adolescent boys in urban and rural environments, American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
- An analysis of tobacco retailer exposure among adolescent boys in rural and urban regions of Ohio found that boys who were non-Hispanic black or other racial/ethnic minority, had ever used tobacco, and lived in rural areas reported visiting stores that sell tobacco more times per week than other boys. However, non-Hispanic black or other racial/ethnic minority, those living in an urban areas, and those living in poorer neighborhoods were more likely to pass by a tobacco retailer on their route between their home and school. Based on these findings, the researchers suggest that limiting tobacco marketing in retail environments might have a stronger impact on rural youth, whereas limiting the number or location of tobacco retailers may have a stronger impact on urban youth.
- Learn more about point-of-sale advertising restrictions and restricting the number and location of retailers.
- A tale of two cities: exploring the retail impacts of flavoured tobacco restrictions in the twin cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, Tobacco Control
- This study assessing compliance with the flavor bans enacted in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, MN found most retailers were in compliance with the policies that restricted the sale of flavored tobacco to adult-only stores. In Minneapolis, the availability of flavored tobacco at convenience and grocery stores was reduced from 85.4% of stores to 39%. In Saint Paul, availability of flavored tobacco products at these stores decreased from 97.3% to 8.1%. Whereas in the nearby city of Brooklyn Park, which had not implemented a restriction on the sale of flavored tobacco products, flavored tobacco products were available at 100% of these store types..
- Learn more about flavored tobacco products
- Vital Signs: Tobacco Product Use Among Middle and High School Students – United States, 2011-2018, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
- Between 2017-2018, current use of e-cigarettes increased from 19.6% to 27.1% among high school students and from 5.6% to 7.2% among middle school students. An increase in current use of any tobacco product between 2017-2018 was driven by e-cigarette use, reversing a decline in any tobacco product use seen in previous years.
- Global evidence on the effect of point-of-sale display bans on smoking prevalence, Tobacco Control
- Point-of-sale display bans requiring tobacco products to be kept out of sight reduced overall daily smoking by 7%, male smoking by 6%, and female smoking by 9% across 77 countries.
- Learn more about displays bans.
- An African-specific haplotype in MRGPRX4 is associated with menthol cigarette smoking, PLOS Genetics
- News story: Researchers find genetic vulnerability to menthol cigarettes use, National Institutes of Health
- A Randomized Trial of E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine-Replacement Therapy, New England Journal of Medicine
- This UK study found that 18% participants who tried using second-generation refillable e-cigarettes for one year in an attempt to quit smoking were able to remain quit one year later, compared to 9.9% of participants who used nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT) to quit. However, of those who were able to stay quit for 1 year, 80% of those who quit using e-cigarettes continued to use e-cigarettes, whereas only 9% of those who successfully quit using NRT continued to use NRT. Both groups also received behavioral support for cessation.
- News story: Study: Vaping helps smokers quit. Sort of., Vox
- Longitudinal e-cigarette and cigarette use among US youth in the PATH Study (2013-2015), Journal of the National Cancer Institute
- An analysis of data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study found that youth who had ever used cigarettes or e-cigarettes were four times more likely to try the other product one year later than youth who had never used either. Researchers also found that how frequently youth use e-cigarettes impacts their future cigarette use.
- Association of Electronic Cigarette Use with Subsequent Initiation of Tobacco Cigarettes in US Youths, JAMA Network Open
- Youth ages 12-15 who reported previously using e-cigarettes were more than 4 times as likely to have ever-used cigarettes three years later, and were 3 times as likely to report current cigarette use three years later compared to youth who had never used tobacco. Reciprocally, youth who previously used other tobacco products were more than 3 times as likely to try cigarettes or become current cigarette users. The relationship between prior e-cigarette use and future cigarette use initiation was strongest among youth who were low-risk.
- News story: Teen e-cigarette use inked to eventual smoking, Reuters
- Transcriptomic response of primary human airway epithelial cells to flavoring chemicals in electronic cigarettes, Scientific Reports
- Learn more about e-cigarettes at the point of sale.
- Tobacco Use By Youth is Rising: E-cigarettes are the main reason, CDC Vital Signs
- State of Tobacco Control 2019 , American Lung Association
- The Unprotected States: Measuring public support for tobacco control policies in state with the deadliest smoking disparities, Truth Initiative
- Juul Advertising Over its First Three Years on the Market, Stanford Research into the Impact of Tobacco Advertising
- Advancing Tobacco Prevention and Control in Rural America, NNPHI
- Juul sees $1 billion revenue in 2018, KSBY
- Juul market share slips following removal of fruity flavored e-cigs, Winston-Salem Journal
- NATO Coalition Targets Local Tobacco Regulation, CSP Daily News
- Data Highlights Important Relationship Between C-Stores & Tobacco, Convenience Store News
- Swedish Match rolls out non-tobacco nicotine pouch in U.S., Reuters
- NATO Alliance Deploys Social Media, CSP Daily News
POS Policy in the Media
End Game Policies
- Hawaii lawmaker introduces bill to eventually ban cigarette sales in state, The Hill
- Beverly Hills could become first city in US to ban sale of all tobacco products, Foxx 11
Tobacco Retailer Licensing
- Lakewood City Council passes new tobacco licensing system ordinance, Lakewood Sentinel
- County Health Officials Propose Tobacco Retail Policy, Law Changes to Protect Youth, SCV News
- Council makes it necessary for tobacco retailers to be licensed, Columbia Missourian
- Excelsior ordinance amendment would limit tobacco license holders to three, Sun Sailor
- Oakdale approves tobacco license moratorium, Lillie News
- Whether Walgreens Stops Selling Tobacco Hinges on Florida Test, Forbes
- FDA Targets Walgreens as Biggest Youth Tobacco Sale Violator, Bloomberg
Menthol and Other Flavored Tobacco Products
- Ashland Bans Menthol and Mint Tobacco and E-Cigarettes, Framingham Source
- City looks to ban flavored tobacco, menthol cigs, smoking in apartments, Palo Alto Daily Post
- Bill Introduced in Congress Would ban Internet Cigar & E-Cigarette Sales, Flavored Tobacco, HalfWheel
- New York City Council Weighs Ban on Flavored E-Cigarettes, Menthols, Wall Street Journal
- Bill Seeks Ban on Candy Flavored Tobacco, Maui Now
- House bill would restrict flavored tobacco to adult-only stores, Helena Independent Record
- Hollister City Council aims to restrict flavored tobacco sales, Benito Link
- Yarmouth considers even tougher tobacco laws, Cape Cod Times
- San Anselmo considers flavored tobacco ban, Marin Independent Journal
- Tobacco Companies Target Black Teens with Candy-Flavored Cigars, Bloomberg
- Fred Royal: The Menthol Wars Targeting Blacks and Aggravated Tobacco-Related Health Disparities, Milwaukee Independent
- Utah bill would put flavored e-cig cartridges for sale only in smoke shops, Deseret News
- Webster bans sale of flavored tobacco products, Telegram
- Cook County Board raises Age for Buying Tobacco to 21 in Unincorporated Areas, CBS Chicago
- Duluth adopts ‘Tobacco 21,’ Duluth News Tribune
- SW raises age to buy tobacco, vapes to 21, Journal Inquirer
- Lehi becomes first Utah city to raise legal tobacco age to 21. It may not be the last, Salt Lake Tribune
- Then there were two: Cedar Hills raises tobacco, e-cigarette age to 21, following Lehi, Salt Lake Tribune
- Virginia gov signs ban on people under 21 buying tobacco, 570 News
- Health Groups Question Raising Tobacco Age to 21, Public News Service
- State House passes bill that would raise smoking age to 21, KOMO News
- Raise the age to 21 to buy tobacco products? It could happen in NC this year, Winston-Salem Journal
- State bill would raise legal age for buying tobacco, Peninsula Daily News
- Arkansas lawmakers want to raise age to buy tobacco, vaping products to 21, WREG
- AAP policy calls for reforms to combat rise in youth e-cigarette use, American Academy of Pediatrics
- Colorado Lawmakers Debate Bill That Would Make It Easier For Cities To Tax and Regulate Cigarettes, KUNC
- Altria’s Snuff Safer Than Cigarettes, FDA Panel Agrees, MedPage Today
- Milwaukee Health Department Plans to Address Tobacco Disparities, Black Press USA
Find more stories in last month’s News and Research Roundup.
Know of a story that we missed? Email us, and we’ll be sure to include it in next month’s roundup!